The principles of biomechanics are based around walking and running and how the weight is distributed through the foot. There are two main issues with people’s posture which stem from the way they walk.
The first occurs when the arch in the foot doesn’t flatten at all. This typically occurs in a person with a high arch – because the arch doesn’t flatten it absorbs shock poorly and this places stress on the joints. The second problem results if the arch flattens too much. This is known as over pronation and over time can lead to hammer toes, bunions as well as knee, hip and lower back pain.
Some of the injuries that can incur if your biomechanics are not working well include:
- Muscle imbalance of the feet and legs
- Ankle pain or discomfort in the ball of the foot
- Strain on the Achilles tendon and Plantar fascia ligament
- Tightness in the calves and hamstrings
- Impingement of the sciatic nerve
- Lower back pain
- Knee pain
- Hip pain
- Stress fractures
Here at Anatomy in Chester biomechanical assessments look at the postures of the body under different circumstances and combine it with any necessary treatment. We can also refer to outside specialists should you need further intervention such as Orthotics.